Synthesis, characterization and electrical properties of indigoids for organic semiconductor applications

  • Ho Loong Jenner Ngai

Student thesis: Master's Thesis


Two new series of organic soluble indigoids 7-7-dialkoxyindigoids (4a, 4b) and 4,4-dibromo-7,7-dialkoxyindigoids (5a, 5b) (alkoxy = n-butoxy and n-octyloxy) have been synthesized starting from the inexpensive 3-hydroxybenzaldehyde for OFET applications. The indigoids were soluble in common organic solvents such as chloroform, dichloromethane, toluene, ethyl acetate and ethers. The enhanced solubility was suggested to be a lack of intermolecular hydrogen-bonds as confirmed by single crystal X-ray diffraction analyses. It was found that intramolecular hydrogen-bonds in indigoids were crucial to the exhibition of field-effect in OFETs, while intermolecular hydrogen-bonds only caused insolubility of the indigoids. Compared to the pristine insoluble indigo (LUMO = -3.55 eV and Eg = 1.91 eV), the soluble indigoids containing electron donating alkoxy side chains at the indigoid 7 and 7 positions were shown to have LUMO decreased by -0.13 to -0.26 eV as well as a lower bandgap energy from Eg = 1.66 to 1.94 eV. A bottom-gate-top-contact OFET employing polystyrene as the dielectric layer was used to demonstrate the field-effect properties. The indigoid 4,4-dibromo-7,7-dioctyloxyindigoid (5b) was found to exhibit the highest electron mobility at 2.20 ₉ 10-5 cm2V-1s-1. In addition, 4,4-dibromo-7,7-dioctyloxyindigoids (5) can be further derivatized by organometallic catalyzed aryl-aryl coupling reactions to create functional organic electronic materials.

Date of Award27 Jan 2016
Original languageEnglish
SupervisorLouis M L LEUNG (Supervisor)

User-Defined Keywords

  • Electric properties
  • Indigo
  • Organic semiconductors
  • Synthesis.

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