在過去大多數文學史的論述中，王闓運由於摹擬漢魏六朝文學的復古主張而被視為是晚清保守派人物，其文學思想的價值意義及其背後的現實關懷都被輕易忽略，沒有得到足夠的重視。在學界逐漸承認古典文學與現代文學並非截然斷裂、古典文學更是現代文學在草創階段重要的借鑒資源時，對於王氏文學思想似乎也可以提出新的評價。通過對王闓運文學思想的剖析，可以發現，他的文學除了是與當時眾多文學話語的對話之外，還包含他的經學思想和現實關懷，在晚清文化轉型時期的大背景下，王氏看似復古守舊的取態，實際上在對文學與個人、文學與政治關係的思考上體現了一定的超越性，甚至可以與五四以後的現代文人達成相似的共識契合。全文共分六章。第一章為緒論，交代研究動機及思路。第二章在說明王闓運對駢散之爭的取態之外，同時探討其學術思想與文論之間的關聯，指出王氏通經自治的思想迥異於當時的致用思潮，同時也反映在他的文論之中。第三章以王氏的「文情說」為主線，探討他與鄧輔綸和袁枚的詩學對話，由此還原王氏文情說的建構過程及闡釋其內涵意義，說明王氏對創作的關注聚焦於如何處理文學藝術和個人情感的關係。第四章通過比較王氏與道咸宋詩派的詩學異同，由此說明王氏試圖將宋明理學的道德詩學排除在他的文學思想之外，視詩歌為個人陶冶性情的藝術。第五章由王氏在學術和文學思想上提出的「為己為人」之辨展開，由此了解其文學思想背後批評文學為政治服務、士人追求名利等現實關懷，而他在肯定文學的獨立價值，以及批評道德及政治文學的取態上與五四文人也有一定程度的契合。第六章為結論。Abstract Wang Kaiyun has been labeled as a 槍conservative" for his literary acclamation in most research of literary history. Therefore, his literary concern on the problems of society has not been attended much in the relevant studies. This dissertation focuses on the theme of Tradition and Modernity, uncovering his literary thought in the cultural transitional era on the one hand, and on the other, giving efforts to explain his transcendental consciousness over the relation between individuality and literature, literature and politics. In his literary dialogue with other literary contexts, his seemingly conservative acclamation is in fact thought-provoking for the contemporary as well as the following May-Fourth cultural movement. This dissertation consists of six chapters. The first chapter introduces research motive and methodology. The second chapter focuses the relation between Wang Kaiyun's literary theory and thoughts apart from his attitude toward the two literary types of prose and essay. The third chapter explores his poetic dialogue with Deng Fulun and Yuan Mei by tracing his Wen Qing Shuo(theory on the literary sentiments), in order to restore the process of theoretical formation as well as the connotation interpretation. The following chapter compares and contrasts Wang's poetic theory with the School of Song Poetry in Dao, and confirms his acclamation on the function of poetry as way of feeling expression. Wang Kaiyun rejects the authority of Song-Ming Confucianism in poetry, and insists that poetry be the art for cultivating human mind. Chapter five focuses on Wang's philosophical idea of Wei Ji versus Wei Ren(for self-versus for others), uncovering the value of his humanity concern for the following May-Fourth cultural movement. The last chapter is the concluding part.
|Date of Award||19 Aug 2016|
|Original language||Chinese (Traditional)|
|Supervisor||Hongsheng ZHANG (Supervisor)|
- Criticism and interpretation
- 王闓運, 1833-1916