Zheng (征) as zheng (正)? A Daoist challenge to punitive expeditions

Ellen Ying Zhang

Research output: Chapter in book/report/conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
14 Downloads (Pure)


In ancient China, war was a major concern of all politico-philosophical schools, particularly during the Warring States Period (475-221 BCE). In pre-Qin (pre-221 BCE) philosophical writings of different schools traditionally known as “Masters literature,” we find numerous discussions related to warfare and its ethico-political implications, ranging from Laozi (or Lao Tzu, c. sixth century BCE) of the Daoist School (Daojia), Mozi (c. 468-376 BCE) of the Mohist School (Mojia), Confucius (or Kongzi, 551-479 BCE), Mencius (or Mengzi, c. 372-289 BCE), and Xunzi (or Hsün-tzu, c. 325-238 BCE) of the Confucian School (Rujia), to Hanfeizi (c. 280-233 BCE) of the Legalist School (Fajia), as well as various eclectics of the time.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationChinese Just War Ethics
Subtitle of host publicationOrigin, Development, and Dissent
EditorsPing Cheung Lo, Sumner B. Twiss
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9781317580966, 9781315740706
ISBN (Print)9781138824355, 9781138729216
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2015

Publication series

NameWar, conflict and ethics

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Arts and Humanities(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Zheng (征) as zheng (正)? A Daoist challenge to punitive expeditions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this