Zheng (征) as Zheng (正)? A Daoist challenge to punitive expeditions

Ellen Ying Zhang

Research output: Chapter in book/report/conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


In ancient China, war was a major concern of all politico-philosophical schools, particularly during the Warring States Period (475-221 BCE). In pre-Qin (pre-221 BCE) philosophical writings of different schools traditionally known as “Masters literature,” we find numerous discussions related to warfare and its ethico-political implications, ranging from Laozi (or Lao Tzu, c. sixth century BCE) of the Daoist School (Daojia), Mozi (c. 468-376 BCE) of the Mohist School (Mojia), Confucius (or Kongzi, 551-479 BCE), Mencius (or Mengzi, c. 372-289 BCE), and Xunzi (or Hsün-tzu, c. 325-238 BCE) of the Confucian School (Rujia), to Hanfeizi (c. 280-233 BCE) of the Legalist School (Fajia), as well as various eclectics of the time.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationChinese just war ethics: Origin, development, and dissent
PublisherTaylor & Francis
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9781315740706
ISBN (Print)9781138824355
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2015

Publication series

NameWar, conflict and ethics
PublisherTaylor & Francis


Dive into the research topics of 'Zheng (征) as Zheng (正)? A Daoist challenge to punitive expeditions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this