Xiaoqinglong granules as add-on therapy for asthma: Latent class analysis of symptom predictors of response

Qinglin Zha, Seqi Lin, Chi Zhang, Christopher Chang, Hanrong Xue, Cheng Lu, Miao Jiang, Yan Liu, Zuke Xiao, Weiyou Liu, Yunfei Shang, Jianjian Chen, Minyong Wen, Aiping LYU*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Xiaoqinglong granules (XQLG) has been shown to be an effective therapy in asthma animal models. We reviewed the literature and conducted this study to assess the impact of XQLG as an add-on therapy to treatment with fluticasone/salmeterol (seretide) in adult patients with mild-to-moderate, persistent asthma. A total of 178 patients were randomly assigned to receive XQLG and seretide or seretide plus placebo for 90 days. Asthma control was assessed by asthma control test (ACT), symptoms scores, FEV and PEF. Baseline patient-reported Chinese medicine (CM)-specific symptoms were analyzed to determine whether the symptoms may be possible indicators of treatment response by conducting latent class analysis (LCA). There was no statistically significant difference in ACT score between two groups. In the subset of 70 patients with symptoms defined by CM criteria, XQLG add-on therapy was found to significantly increase the levels of asthma control according to global initiative for asthma (GINA) guidelines (P = 0.0329). There was no significant difference in another subset of 100 patients with relatively low levels of the above-mentioned symptoms (P = 0.1291). Results of LCA suggest that patients with the six typical symptoms defined in CM may benefit from XQLG.

Original languageEnglish
Article number759476
JournalEvidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Complementary and alternative medicine


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