What Factors Explain Recent Increases in Husband-to-Wife Violence in Nigerian Households? A Decomposition Analysis of Three Waves of Cross-Sectional Data from 2008 to 2018

Bamidele Emmanuel Ola*, Peter Smith (Contributor)

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: This study looks at the recent increases in husband-to-wife violence (HWV) in Nigeria, despite efforts to address the problem, with the specific purpose of identifying the factors associated with the changes.

Method: The study examines data from three nationally representative surveys conducted in 2008, 2013, and 2018 via the Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) program. Using a non-linear multivariate decomposition analytical technique (mvdcmp) recommended by Powers and colleagues in 2011, four factors contributing to HWV were examined: couples’ dyadic attitudes toward wife-beating, husband’s alcohol consumption behavior, household poverty, and women’s income relative to their husbands’.

Results: The study found that HWV increased by 16% between 2008 and 2018. Changes in couples’ characteristics accounted for 28% of the changes in HWV. Declining attitudes towards wife-beating reduced potential occurrences, while increases in husbands’ alcohol misuse and aggression towards wives’ higher income increased the occurrences, especially in middle-income households. Behavioral effects accounted for 128% of the changes, with significant contributions from husbands’ alcohol misuse and reactions towards wives’ lack of personal income.

Conclusion: Recent changes in women’s empowerment and disempowerment, as well as husbands’ problem-drinking, are associated with increased rates of HWV in Nigeria.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Family Violence
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 14 Sept 2023

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Law
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science

User-Defined Keywords

  • Attitudes toward violence
  • Couples
  • Decomposition analysis
  • Husband-to-wife violence
  • Nigeria
  • Trends

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