Weight reduction and cardiovascular benefits: Protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis

Yingke Zhao, Branda Yee Man Yu, Yanfei Liu, Tiejun TONG, Yue Liu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Background: There is widespread obesity paradox in cardiovascular diseases, the cardiovascular influence from weight management remains controversial. Moreover, previous publications indicating that different weight reduction extent might lead to various results. Thus, it is of importance to reassess the cardiovascular benefits of weight management strategies. Objectives: This review is designed to assess the association between weight loss and cardiovascular outcomes. Methods: Clinical trials including randomized control trials, observational studies reported a weight change before and after weight interventions including lifestyle intervention, as well as pharmacotherapies were included. Three major databases will be searched to retrieve the appropriate studies. Dual selection and abstraction of data will be conducted by 2 authors independently. The population, intervention, comparator, outcomes, study characteristics framework will be used to extract all the necessary data from included studies. The risk of bias assessment will be conducted in duplicate based on the Cochrane risk of bias guideline for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) statement for observational studies respectively. The primary outcomes will be the cardiovascular mortality, and the secondary outcomes are allcause mortality and new cardiovascular events. A meta-analysis will be considered if there is sufficient homogeneity among selected studies. Follow the criteria of Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE), the quality of the cumulative evidence will be evaluated. Resultsandconclusions: The results of this systematic review could provide reliable and concrete evidence for weight loss and its cardiovascular benefits. Prospero registration number: CRD42018108582.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere13246
JournalMedicine (United States)
Issue number50
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Medicine(all)

User-Defined Keywords

  • Cardiovascular outcomes
  • Obesity
  • Systematic review
  • Weight loss


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