Variations in cadmium accumulation among rice cultivars and types and the selection of cultivars for reducing cadmium in the diet

Jianguo Liu, Qingsen Zhu, Zujian Zhang, Jiakuan Xu, Jianchang Yang, Ming Hung WONG*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

174 Citations (Scopus)


A pot trial was conducted with 52 rice cultivars of different types collected from different origins. The results showed that there were great differences in Cd concentrations in straw, brown rice and grain chaff among the rice cultivars grown in a soil containing a Cd concentration of 100 mg kg -1; the Cd concentrations in brown rice ranged from 0.22 to 2.86 mg kg-1. The great genotypic differences in Cd concentrations indicated that it is possible to lower the Cd content of rice through cultivar selection and breeding. Significant differences were found in the Cd concentrations of the rice types of Indica consanguinity and those of Japonica consanguinity, but not between their origins. There were significant correlations between straw and brown rice in Cd concentration and in the total amount of Cd accumulated. The distribution ratios of the Cd accumulated in brown rice to the total Cd accumulation in the aboveground rice plant varied greatly from 12.9 to 137.8 g kg-1, and there was significant correlation between the distribution ratios and Cd concentrations in brown rice. These indicated that Cd concentration in rice grain is governed by the transport of Cd from root to shoot and also from shoot to grain. Cd concentrations in brown rice also correlated significantly with some important agronomic traits, as well as with nitrogen concentrations, one of the most important criteria for rice quality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-153
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2005

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Food Science
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

User-Defined Keywords

  • Accumulation
  • Cadmium
  • Cultivar
  • Rice
  • Type


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