Validity and Reliability of Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness (Cantonese)

Daniel Kim Wan Young*, Petrus Y N Ng, Jiayan Pan, Daphne Cheng

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: This study aims to translate and test the reliability and validity of the Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness-Cantonese (ISMI-C). Methods: The original English version of ISMI is translated into the ISMI-C by going through forward and backward translation procedure. A cross-sectional research design is adopted that involved 295 participants randomly drawn from a population of Chinese consumers participated in different kinds of community-based mental health services. Results: Results show that the Cronbach’s α coefficient of the ISMI-C is.93. With regard to validity test, the ISMI-C shows significant and negative correlation with measures on self-esteem and quality of life. Also, an explorative factor analysis yields five factors that are consistent with previous research results. Discussion: This study shows that the ISMI-C is a reliable and valid measure. ISMI-C can facilitate the development of interventions in reducing self-stigma for people with mental illness across Chinese societies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103-110
Number of pages8
JournalResearch on Social Work Practice
Issue number1
Early online date10 Mar 2015
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Psychology(all)

User-Defined Keywords

  • internalized stigma of mental illness
  • mental illness
  • validation


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