Using photonic crystal microrings to mitigate Raman-Kerr effects competition for soliton microcomb generation

Zongxing Lin, Dongmei Huang*, Zihao Cheng, Wei Wu, Alex Wai, Zhe Kang, Sailing He

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review


In nonlinear microresonators with strong stimulated Raman scattering effect, it is difficult if not impossible to generate Kerr soliton microcombs with a small free spectral range (FSR) (< 100 GHz) due to the competition between the Raman and Kerr effects. In this article, we overcome this limitation by using odd-period photonic crystal microrings (PCMs). Numerical simulations on the silicon-on-insulator (SOI) PCM show that a small frequency shift (5 GHz) induced by the photonic crystal structure can moderately suppress the Raman effect, such that chaotic microcombs with a small FSR can be generated. With a larger frequency shift (e.g., ≥ 10 GHz), the Raman effect is significantly suppressed, and the soliton microcombs can be generated. For comparison, without the frequency shift, only Raman lasing can be achieved in a conventional microring. To investigate the applicability of the proposed method in other material platforms, we carried out simulations for the aluminium nitride (AlN) PCM. The results are comparable to those obtained on the SOI PCM. Our method opens a new approach to the generation of small FSR Kerr soliton microcombs in microresonators with strong Raman effect, which is important for expanding the available nonlinear platforms and applications such as telecommunications, radio-frequency photonics, and astronomical spectrographs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)268-275
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Lightwave Technology
Issue number1
Early online date7 Aug 2023
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2024

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

User-Defined Keywords

  • free spectral range (FSR)
  • microcombs
  • photonic crystal microring (PCM)
  • raman effect


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