Using experience sampling methodology in organizational behavior

Cynthia D. Fisher*, March L TO

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

    390 Citations (Scopus)


    Experience sampling methodology and daily diary (ESM/DD) research elicits repeated reports of immediate or very recent experiences from the same sample of people for several days or weeks. Experience sampling and diary methods were almost unheard of in organizational research 15years ago, but the past decade has seen a rapid rise in their use. These methods are helpful in studying dynamic within-person processes involving affect, behavior, interpersonal interactions, work events, and other transient workplace phenomena over time. Assessing cross-level effects of traits or other stable features on within-person processes and reactivity is also possible with ESM/DD data. We provide an introduction to issues in designing and carrying out an ESM/DD study, including data collection choices and schedules, measures, technology, training and motivation of participants, and analysis of multilevel data. We offer best practice recommendations and refer readers to further resources for additional detail on conducting and analyzing ESM/DD research.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)865-877
    Number of pages13
    JournalJournal of Organizational Behavior
    Issue number7
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 2012

    Scopus Subject Areas

    • Applied Psychology
    • Sociology and Political Science
    • Psychology(all)
    • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

    User-Defined Keywords

    • Daily diary
    • Daily process research
    • Ecological momentary assessment
    • Experience sampling methodology
    • Multilevel research


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