Urinary concentrations of phthalate metabolites associated with changes in clinical hemostatic and hematologic parameters in pregnant women

Minmin Jiang, Yuanyuan Li, Bin Zhang, Aifen Zhou, Yingshuang Zhu, Jiufeng Li, Hongzhi Zhao, Li Chen, Jie Hu, Chuansha Wu, Yang Peng, Jiaqiang Liao, Zhiguo Xia, Zongwei CAI, Xi Chen, Bing Xu, Wei Xia*, Shunqing Xu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Exposure to phthalates, one kind of widely used plasticizers, has been demonstrated to be associated with some clinical hematological changes in circulatory system from animal studies and in vitro experiments, but their relations to hemostatic and hematologic changes in human are unknown. Objectives: We explored the relationships of urinary phthalate metabolites with clinical hemostatic and hematologic parameter changes in pregnant women. Methods: The present study population included 1482 pregnant women drawn from an ongoing prospective birth cohort study in Wuhan, China. Eight urinary phthalate metabolites and eight blood clinical parameters, including activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), prothrombin time (PT), thrombin time (TT), fibrinogen (Fg), total white blood cell counts (WBC), red blood cell counts (RBC), hemoglobin (Hb), and platelet counts (PLT) were measured in the late third trimester. The associations between phthalate metabolites and blood parameters were analyzed using general linear model. The odds ratios (ORs) for anemia during pregnancy associated with phthalates were also explored by using logistic regression models. Results: After adjustment for false discovery rate, a significantly negative association between ln-transformed urinary mono-ethyl phthalate (MEP) concentration and blood Fg, and a positive association between urinary mono-butyl phthalate (MBP) and APTT were found in this study. Higher concentrations of mono-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (MEHP), mono-(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl) phthalate (MEOHP) and mono-(2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl) phthalate (MECPP) were associated with lower Hb concentrations. In addition, higher levels of MEHP, MEOHP and MECPP were also associated with increased likelihood of anemia. No significant associations were found between phthalates and other hematologic parameters. Conclusions: Higher urinary phthalate metabolites in late third trimester were associated with prolonged blood clotting time, decreased Hb concentrations, and increased likelihood of anemia in pregnant women. Further research is needed to replicate the observed findings and clarify the potential biological mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34-42
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironment International
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2018

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Environmental Science(all)

User-Defined Keywords

  • Anemia
  • Coagulation function
  • Hematologic parameters
  • Phthalate
  • Pregnancy


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