The origin of Urbach energy (EU) in organic semiconductors and its effect on photovoltaic properties remain a topic of intense interest. In this letter, we demonstrate quantitative information on the EU value in emerging Y-series molecules by an in-depth analysis of the line shape of the temperature-dependent quantum efficiency spectra. We found that the static disorder (EU(0)), which is dominated by the conformational uniformity in Y-series acceptors, contributes 10–25 meV to the total Urbach energy. Particularly, this static contribution in organic solar cells (OSCs) is much higher than those (EU(0) ≈ 3–6 meV) in inorganic/hybrid counterparts, such as CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite, crystalline silicon (c-Si), gallium nitride (GaN), indium phosphide (InP), and gallium arsenide (GaAs). More importantly, we establish clear correlations between the static disorder and photovoltaic performance and open-circuit voltage loss. These results suggest that suppressing the static disorder via rational molecular design is clearly a path for achieving higher performance.
Scopus Subject Areas
- Chemistry (miscellaneous)
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Materials Chemistry
- Fuel Technology
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment