Uncoupling protein-2 mediates the protective action of berberine against oxidative stress in rat insulinoma INS-1E cells and in diabetic mouse islets

Limei Liu, Jian Liu, Yuansheng Gao, Xiaoxing Yu, Gang XU, Yu Huang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


Background and Purpose Uncoupling protein-2 (UCP2) may regulate glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. The current study investigated the effects of berberine, an alkaloid found in many medicinal plants, on oxidative stress and insulin secretion through restoration of UCP2 expression in high glucose (HG)-treated INS-1E cells and rat islets or in db/db mouse islets. Experimental Approach Mouse and rat pancreatic islets were isolated. Nitrotyrosine, superoxide dismutase (SOD)-1 and UCP2 expression and AMPK phosphorylation were examined by Western blotting. Insulin secretion was measured by elisa. Mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) production was detected by confocal microscopy. Key Results Incubation of INS-1E cells and rat islets with HG (30-mmol·L-1; 8 h) elevated nitrotyrosine level, reduced SOD-1 and UCP2 expression and AMPK phosphorylation, and inhibited glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. HG also increased mitochondrial ROS in INS-1E cells. Co-treatment with berberine inhibited such effects. The AMPK inhibitor compound C, the UCP2 inhibitor genipin and adenovirus ucp2 shRNA inhibited these protective effects of berberine. Furthermore, compound C normalized berberine-stimulated UCP2 expression but genipin did not affect AMPK phosphorylation. Islets from db/db mice exhibited elevated nitrotyrosine levels, reduced expression of SOD-1 and UCP2 and AMPK phosphorylation, and decreased insulin secretion compared with those from db/m+ mice. Berberine also improved these defects in diabetic islets and genipin blocked the effects of berberine. Conclusions and Implications Berberine inhibited oxidative stress and restored insulin secretion in HG-treated INS-IE cells and diabetic mouse islets by activating AMPK and UCP2. UCP2 is an important signalling molecule in mediating anti-diabetic effects of berberine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3246-3254
Number of pages9
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2014

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Pharmacology

User-Defined Keywords

  • berberine
  • INS-1E cells
  • insulin secretion
  • islets
  • oxidative stress
  • uncoupling protein-2


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