Training and enterprise performance in transition: Evidence from China

Ying Chu Ng*, Noel Y. M. Siu

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

    66 Citations (Scopus)
    6 Downloads (Pure)


    The role of training and its impact on company performance is studied in different types of enterprises in a transitional economy. A sample of manufacturing enterprises is drawn, using China as a case study. The findings indicate that training is perceived to be relatively important in non-state-owned enterprises (non-SOEs). Training objectives have three major dimensions, namely enhancing working relationships, tackling skill deficiencies and skills development. SOEs tend to focus more on skill development, while non-SOEs emphasize both enhancing working relationships and skills improvement. Comparing the expectations of training and the perceived achievement of training objectives, the gap is seen to be small within all types of enterprises, and training effectiveness is perceived to be similar. The production function estimation shows that there is a positive relationship between training expenditures and enterprise productivity.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)878-894
    Number of pages17
    JournalInternational Journal of Human Resource Management
    Issue number4-5
    Publication statusPublished - 2004

    Scopus Subject Areas

    • Strategy and Management
    • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
    • Management of Technology and Innovation

    User-Defined Keywords

    • China
    • Enterprise performance
    • Training
    • Transitional economies


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