Tourism development and environmental degradation in the United States: evidence from wavelet-based analysis

Syed Ali Raza*, Arshian Sharif, Wing Keung WONG, Mohd Zaini Abd Karim

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

    169 Citations (Scopus)


    The recent literatures indicate that the tourism development (TD) has significant influence over the environmental degradation of both high-tourist-arrival and low-tourist-arrival countries. This study investigates the empirical influence of TD on environmental degradation in a high-tourist-arrival economy (i.e. United States), using the wavelet transform framework. This new methodology enables the decomposition of time-series at different time–frequencies. In this study, we have used maximal overlap discrete wavelet transform (MODWT), wavelet covariance, wavelet correlation, continuous wavelet power spectrum, wavelet coherence spectrum and wavelet-based Granger causality analysis to analyse the relationship between TD and CO2 emission in the United States by using the monthly data from the period of 1996(1) to 2015(3). Results indicate that TD is majorly having the positive influence over CE in short, medium and long run. We find the unidirectional influence of TD on CE in short run, medium and long run in the United States.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1768-1790
    Number of pages23
    JournalCurrent Issues in Tourism
    Issue number16
    Publication statusPublished - 10 Dec 2017

    Scopus Subject Areas

    • Geography, Planning and Development
    • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

    User-Defined Keywords

    • discrete wavelet analysis
    • environmental degradation
    • tourism development
    • United States
    • wavelet coherence


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