A new approach to the two-layer channel routing problem is presented. The new two-layer channel router is designed to find solutions which minimize both wiring area and number of vias simultaneously. The method, called topological channel routing, analyzes the topological relationship of wires before the wires are mapped onto the channel. A unique layout design rule called an interleaving mesh is used. The interleaving mesh prohibits long wires on one layer from overlapping with wires on the other layer, and thus has smaller crosstalks of signals because of smaller capacitive couplings between those wires on different layers. Experimental results show that the algorithm generates very good solutions. For example, a height of 41 for the well-known Deutsch's Difficult Example without any parallel overlaps of wires has been obtained and simultaneously with a via count of 186, which is one of the best results ever reported in the literature.
|Number of pages
|IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems
|Published - Oct 1992
Scopus Subject Areas
- Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering