Thwarting passive privacy attacks in collaborative filtering

Rui CHEN, Min Xie, Laks V.S. Lakshmanan

Research output: Chapter in book/report/conference proceedingConference proceedingpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

While recommender systems based on collaborative filtering have become an essential tool to help users access items of interest, it has been indicated that collaborative filtering enables an adversary to perform passive privacy attacks, a type of the most damaging and easy-to-perform privacy attacks. In a passive privacy attack, the dynamic nature of a recommender system allows an adversary with a moderate amount of background knowledge to infer a user's transaction through temporal changes in the public related-item lists (RILs). Unlike the traditional solutions that manipulate the underlying user-item rating matrix, in this paper, we respond to passive privacy attacks by directly anonymizing the RILs, which are the real outputs rendered to an adversary. This fundamental switch allows us to provide a novel rigorous inference-proof privacy guarantee, known as δ-bound, with desirable data utility and scalability. We propose anonymization algorithms based on suppression and a novel mechanism, permutation, tailored to our problem. Experiments on real-life data demonstrate that our solutions are both effective and efficient.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDatabase Systems for Advanced Applications - 19th International Conference, DASFAA 2014, Proceedings
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Pages218-233
Number of pages16
EditionPART 2
ISBN (Print)9783319058122
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event19th International Conference on Database Systems for Advanced Applications, DASFAA 2014 - Bali, Indonesia
Duration: 21 Apr 201424 Apr 2014

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
NumberPART 2
Volume8422 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Conference

Conference19th International Conference on Database Systems for Advanced Applications, DASFAA 2014
Country/TerritoryIndonesia
CityBali
Period21/04/1424/04/14

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

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