Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface

Lingling Huang, Xianzhong Chen, Holger Mühlenbernd, Hao Zhang, Shumei Chen, Benfeng Bai, Qiaofeng Tan, Guofan Jin, Kok Wai CHEAH, Cheng Wei Qiu, Jensen Li, Thomas Zentgraf*, Shuang Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

1216 Citations (Scopus)


Benefitting from the flexibility in engineering their optical response, metamaterials have been used to achieve control over the propagation of light to an unprecedented level, leading to highly unconventional and versatile optical functionalities compared with their natural counterparts. Recently, the emerging field of metasurfaces, which consist of a monolayer of photonic artificial atoms, has offered attractive functionalities for shaping wave fronts of light by introducing an abrupt interfacial phase discontinuity. Here we realize three-dimensional holography by using metasurfaces made of subwavelength metallic nanorods with spatially varying orientations. The phase discontinuity takes place when the helicity of incident circularly polarized light is reversed. As the phase can be continuously controlled in each subwavelength unit cell by the rod orientation, metasurfaces represent a new route towards high-resolution on-axis three-dimensional holograms with a wide field of view. In addition, the undesired effect of multiple diffraction orders usually accompanying holography is eliminated.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2808
JournalNature Communications
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2013

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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