Three-Dimensional Mass Spectrometry Imaging Reveals Distributions of Lipids and the Drug Metabolite Associated with the Enhanced Growth of Colon Cancer Cell Spheroids Treated with Triclosan

Peisi Xie, Hongna Zhang, Pengfei Wu, Yanyan Chen, Zongwei Cai*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The application of mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) to explore the responses of cancer cell spheroids (CCS) after treatment of exogenous molecules has attracted growing attention. Increasing studies have utilized MSI to image the two-dimensional distributions of exogenous and endogenous molecules in planar CCS sections. However, because CCS are volumetric and heterogenous, maintaining their three-dimensional (3D) information is essential for acquiring a better understanding of the tumor microenvironment and mechanisms of action of exogenous molecules. Here, an established method of 3D MSI was applied to distinguish the distributions of triclosan sulfate and endogenous lipids in three microregions of colon CCS with an enhanced growth induced by the treatment of triclosan, a common antimicrobial agent. The results of 3D MSI showed that triclosan sulfate gradually accumulated from the periphery to the entire structure of CCS and finally localized in the core region. Spatial lipidomics analysis revealed that the upregulated phosphatidylethanolamine (fold change (FD) = 1.26, p = 0.0021), phosphatidylinositol (FD = 1.17, p = 0.0180), and phosphatidylcholine (FD = 1.22, p = 0.0178) species mainly distributed in the outer proliferative region, while the upregulated sphingomyelin (FD = 1.18, p = 0.024) species tended to distribute in the inner necrotic region. Our results suggest that a competitive mechanism between inhibiting and promoting CCS growth might be responsible for the proliferation of CCS treated with triclosan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13667–13675
Number of pages9
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Volume94
Issue number40
Early online date28 Sep 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Oct 2022

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

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