Thoughts, Things and Logical Guidance

Angelina Bobrova, Ahti Veikko Pietarinen*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Chapter in book/report/conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Peirce developed the theory of reasoning as a preferred instrument of the logical analysis of thoughts, while Husserl’s phenomenology took a turn to things we think about. The stark contrast between Peirce phaneroscopy and Husserl’s phenomenology shows up in Peirce’s insight that reasoning is guided by the leading or guiding principle of reason we form in imagination about the logical power of reasoning. Peirce further believed that the analysis of the processes of reasoning in their smallest movements is best accomplished by the methods of existential graphs. We provide an analysis of the guiding principle and its evolution grounded in the primitive forms of that method. We show that there is an evolution of the logical constant of negation from the paradisiacal implication (the scroll) and the blot, and explain the latter in terms of Peirce’s preferred interpretation as unscriptibility. These points establish Peirce’s logico-phaneroscopical analysis of reasoning having advantages not only over Husserl’s phenomenology but also over contemporary studies that have taken keen interest in cognitive aspects of reasoning and inference.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationPeirce and Husserl: Mutual Insights on Logic, Mathematics and Cognition
    EditorsMohammad Shafiei, Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen
    PublisherSpringer Cham
    Chapter3
    Pages43-58
    Number of pages16
    Edition1st
    ISBN (Electronic)9783030258009
    ISBN (Print)9783030257996, 9783030258023
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 6 Oct 2019

    Publication series

    NameLogic, Epistemology, and the Unity of Science
    Volume46
    ISSN (Print)2214-9775
    ISSN (Electronic)2214-9783

    Scopus Subject Areas

    • History and Philosophy of Science
    • History
    • Philosophy

    User-Defined Keywords

    • Blot
    • Guiding principle
    • Husserl
    • Method of graphs
    • Paradisiacal implication
    • Peirce
    • Phaneroscopy
    • Phenomenology
    • Reasoning
    • Scriptibility
    • Scroll
    • Thinking
    • Thought

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