Thermodynamics of porphyrin binding to human serum albumin using affinity capillary electrophoresis

Y. S. Ding, B. C. Lin, Carmen W K HUIE*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


The interaction thermodynamics of heptacarboxylporphyrin (HCP) and protoporhyrin (PP) with human serum albumin (HSA) was studied by affinity capillary electrophoresis (ACE) over the temperature range of 25-50°C, where HCP and PP bound to HSA via 1:1 molecular association. The binding equilibrium constants (pH 7.4, phosphate buffer) for the binding of HCP with HSA were found to decrease with an increase in temperature, whereas the binding constants of the PP/HSA system appeared to be independent of temperature changes over the range studied. The van't Hoff relationship (25-50°C) was found to be linear for the interaction of either HCP or PP with HSA. However, the interaction thermodynamics for both of these porphyrins with HSA were found to be quite different. In particular, the interaction of HCP (a hydrophilic porphyrin) with HSA appeared to be based on an enthalpy-driven process, whereas the binding between PP (a hydrophobic porphyrin) and HSA driven by a favorable change in entropy. The ability of using ACE to evaluate the interaction thermodynamics of serum proteins (e.g., HSA) with ligands (e. g., porphyrins and related compounds) should aid in the development of new and more effective photosensitizers in the photodynamic therapy of cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)367-370
Number of pages4
Issue number5-6
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

User-Defined Keywords

  • Affinity capillary electrophoresis
  • Binding constants
  • Human serum albumin
  • Porphyrins
  • Thermodynamic parameters


Dive into the research topics of 'Thermodynamics of porphyrin binding to human serum albumin using affinity capillary electrophoresis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this