In this paper, we study the linewidth of a two-photon micromaser by using an exact Hamiltonian approach. We consider a three-level atomic system interacting with a single-mode radiation field. The intermediate level is considered to be off resonant with the field. In this model, under the large detuning limit, two-photon transitions result. We calculate the linewidth of a two-photon micromaser and present results in the small and large detuning limits. In the small detuning limit, single-photon behavior is evident, whereas in the large detuning limit, true two-photon behavior is exhibited. We compare the results for the linewidth, under a large detuning limit, with the results obtained by using a phenomenological, effective Hamiltonian approach. The absence of the dynamic Stark shift in a phenomenological, effective Hamiltonian leads to qualitatively different results in the two approaches.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 1996|
Scopus Subject Areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics