The Singapore parliament: Representation, effectiveness, and control

Research output: Chapter in book/report/conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


In modern democratic societies, people think of liberty not so much in the classical sense, which highly valorizes the duty of free citizens to engage in direct face-to-face interaction in the public sphere. Rather, in the more liberal sense, liberty is to be found in the private sphere where individuals are free to produce, earn, exchange, and consume according to principles that they themselves are free to determine through critical thought and rational communication. If, as observed in classical notions of direct democracy, everyone was expected to participate in public deliberation and government, then such public duties would cost the modern individuals their much more greatly cherished private liberties. Therefore, modern individuals are happy to delegate these duties to representatives whose authority would be based on their ability to understand and act in the individuals’ interests, the public and mass media scrutiny that holds them accountable when they act against these interests, and the regular general elections that threaten to replace representatives who have lost the confi dence of their electors.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationParliaments in Asia
Subtitle of host publicationInstitutional Building and Political Development
EditorsYongnian Zheng, Liang Fook Lye, Wilhelm Hofmeister
Place of PublicationLondon
Number of pages20
ISBN (Electronic)9780203795019
ISBN (Print)9780415681582, 9780815374817
Publication statusPublished - 13 Oct 2013

Publication series

NamePolitics in Asia


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