Anxiety and depression were the major mental health disease in worldwide (Zoeller, 2007). The prevalence of anxiety and depression in children and adolescents were accelerating at an alarming rate. Previous studies reported that 5.7% to 17.7% children were suffering form anxiety and 2% to 5% of them with diagnosed depression. Anxiety might lead to serious impairment to individual daily lives and depressed individuals were more likely to suffer from other chronic disease (i.e. diabetes, cardiovascular disease), health risk behaviors (i.e. drug abuse and alcoholism) and committed suicide. Growing body of research indicated that physical activity (PA) was a protective factor of anxiety and depression and adopted it as a non-pharmaceutical for treating anxiety and depression in adults. However, issue in respect to the effectiveness, mechanism and the application of PA in the treatment and prevention of childhood anxiety and depression is still equivocal. Therefore, this chapter provided an overview on 1) the effect of PA in the treatment and prevention of anxiety and depression in children; 2) the mechanism of PA on anxiety and depression, and 3) PA recommendation for treating and preventing anxiety and depression treatment and prevention in children.
|Title of host publication||Sport Psychology|
|Publisher||Nova Science Publishers|
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2011|
Scopus Subject Areas
- Social Sciences(all)