The role of oxidative stress in the growth of the indoor mold Cladosporium cladosporioides under water dynamics

Haoxiang WU, Jonathan W C WONG*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Moisture is one of the critical abiotic factors that can affect mold growth. Indoor humidity is typically fluctuating, which renders a transient water supply for mold growth. Understanding mold growth under water dynamics and its underlying mechanisms can help in the development of novel and sustainable mold prevention strategies. In this study, pre-germination and germinated spores of Cladosporium cladosporioides were exposed to daily wet-dry cycles with different combinations of wetting and drying duration. Afterward, growth delay, cellular H2O2 concentration, and catalase (CAT) activity were measured and compared. We found that under daily wet-dry cycles, the longer the growth delay was observed, the higher the cellular H2O2 concentration was detected, with the 12-12 wet-dry cycle (12-hour wet and 12-hour dry) showing the longest growth delay and highest cellular H2O2 production. A positive correlation between cellular H2O2 concentration and growth delay was suggested by Pearson correlation coefficient and linear regression analysis (P <.0001, R2 = 0.85). Furthermore, under daily wet-dry cycles, molds derived from pre-germination spores generally exhibited shorter growth delay, lower cellular H2O2 concentration, and higher CAT activity than molds developed from germinated spores. These results together suggest that the growth delay of C. cladosporioides under water dynamics is associated with oxidative stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-125
Number of pages9
JournalIndoor Air
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

User-Defined Keywords

  • CAT activity
  • cellular HO concentration
  • Cladosporium cladosporioides
  • growth
  • oxidative stress
  • water dynamics

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