The contribution of the endogenous nonprotein sulfhydryl compounds (SH) in gastric adaptive cytoprotection was investigated in rats. N-ethylmaleimide (NEM) treatment significantly reduced mucosal SH level, and aggravated the mucosal injury induced by absolute ethanol. Oral administration of the mild irritants, 20% ethanol, 5% NaCl or 0.3 M HCl, significantly increased the basal mucosal SH level. These agents also showed a cytoprotective action against the necrotizing effect of absolute ethanol. Administration of NEM did not alleviate this cytoprotective potential, although it abolished the increased SH level evoked by these mild irritants. Thus, it is concluded that modulation of endogenous SH by mild irritants perhaps only plays a minor role in the gastric adaptive cytoprotection.
Scopus Subject Areas
- Adaptive cytoprotection
- Nonprotein sulfhydryl compounds