In this article, the authors posit that dispositional learning orientation and self-set goal level are two critical motivational antecedents to cross-cultural adjustment. They collected longitudinal field data from 117 sojourning international undergraduate students. Regression results indicate that self-set academic and socialinteraction goal levels are positively related to academic and social adjustment, respectively. A dispositional learning orientation is positively related to academic and social adjustment but the relationship is mediated by the self-set goal level. They discuss contributions to and implications for cross-cultural adjustment research.