The productive efficiency of Chinese hospitals

Ying Chu NG*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

    81 Citations (Scopus)


    Since the implementation of health care reforms, much has been documented regarding the practices and behavior of hospitals or health profession in China. While these documentations pointed to various problems arising from the reforms, a systematic analysis is rarely found. Based on five years' data, the present study aims at providing empirical evidence of inefficiency of hospitals in China. Using the data envelopment analysis, the sources of inefficiency were examined. Echoing the unnecessary care, over-prescription of drugs and the adoption of high-tech treatments since the implementation of health care reforms, the sampled hospitals were found quite inefficient and pure technical inefficiency played a dominant role in driving the inefficiency of hospitals. Combining the panel nature of the data and the Malmquist Index computation, hospitals had experienced productivity growth between 2004 and 2008. Mirroring the behavior of hospitals, technological progress was the underlying force for the growth and the deterioration in efficiency change was found. The results summarized by region revealed that the stage of economic development and the efficiency performance of hospital did not necessarily go hand in hand.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)428-439
    Number of pages12
    JournalChina Economic Review
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - Sept 2011

    Scopus Subject Areas

    • Finance
    • Economics and Econometrics

    User-Defined Keywords

    • China
    • Data envelopment analysis
    • Hospitals
    • Malmquist index
    • Productive efficiency


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