The prevalence and predictors of self-stigma of individuals with mental health illness in two Chinese cities

Daniel Young*, Petrus Y N NG

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

60 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Although self-stigma is found to have adverse effects on the lives of persons with mental illness, little is known on the self-stigma of these individuals in Chinese societies.

Objective: This research study explores the prevalence rate and predicting factors of self-stigma of consumers in two Chinese cities, Hong Kong and Guangzhou. Methods: A cross-sectional research design is adopted which involves a random sample of 266 consumers from Hong Kong and a convenient sample of 208 consumers from Guangzhou. These individuals have been assessed in terms of their self-stigma, recovery, self-esteem and quality of life by using standardized assessment scales.

Results: In all, 38.3% of the Hong Kong participants and 49.5% of the Guangzhou participants report to have self-stigma. Also, self-stigma is found to be negatively related to self-esteem and quality of life. A logistic regression analysis shows that hope and well-being are predicting factors of self-stigma.

Conclusion: Self-stigma is found to be higher in Guangzhou, probably due to the influence of traditional cultural values. Also, as hope and well-being are found to be predicting factors of self-stigma, suitable recovery-orientated interventions that facilitate hope and well-being should be developed so as to reduce self-stigma of consumers in Chinese societies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)176-185
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Social Psychiatry
Issue number2
Early online date18 Nov 2015
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2016

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

User-Defined Keywords

  • Chinese culture
  • mental illness
  • recovery
  • Self-stigma


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