The introduction of multiculturalism in Canada and Australia, 1960s-1970s

Jatinder MANN*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


This article compares the emergence of a policy of multiculturalism in Canada and Australia between the 1960s and 1970sIt charts the rise of the policy in the two countries through the adoption of a philosophy of multiculturalism as the basis of their national identitiesThere is a distinction between philosophy and policy: a multicultural policy emerged out of a philosophy of multiculturalismFurthermore, a philosophy of multiculturalism replaced the 'new nationalism' as the foundation of the national identities of both English-speaking Canada and AustraliaThe abandonment of the White Canada and White Australia policies and the adoption of non-discriminatory immigration policies in both countries were also of importance in the emergence of a policy of multiculturalismThere are many similarities in the Canadian and Australian experiencesHowever, the major differences are explained by the presence of the French-Canadians in Canada and the early non-British migration that Canada received in the late-nineteenth century compared with Australia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)483-503
Number of pages21
JournalNations and Nationalism
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2012

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Political Science and International Relations

User-Defined Keywords

  • Australia
  • Canada
  • Immigration
  • Integration
  • Multiculturalism
  • Nationalism


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