The Incidence of Surplus Labor in Rural China: A Nonparametric Estimation

Ying Chu NG*, Sung Ko LI, Tsang Shu-Ki

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

    13 Citations (Scopus)


    Numerous studies indicate a severe problem of surplus labor in rural China. Their statistical results, however, depend on dubious analytical methods or estimation techniques. This paper adopts a nonparametric approach under an alternative framework to estimate the incidence of labor surplus in villages of two Chinese provinces. While the problem of genuine surplus labor in these villages was not as serious as expected, a high percentage of the work force was found to be technically inefficient. The findings have important policy implications regarding the choice between labor migration and more efficient employment of existing labor.J. Comp. Econom., September 2000, 28(3), pp. 565-580. Hong Kong Baptist University, Kowloon Tong, Kowloon, Hong Kong.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)565-580
    Number of pages16
    JournalJournal of Comparative Economics
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - Sept 2000

    Scopus Subject Areas

    • Economics and Econometrics


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