The Hybridization of Journalistic Cultures: A Comparative Study of Journalistic Role Performance

Claudia Mellado*, Lea Hellmueller, Mireya Márquez-Ramírez, Maria Luisa Humanes, Colin SPARKS, Agnieszka Stepinska, Svetlana Pasti, Anna Maria Schielicke, Edson Tandoc, Haiyan Wang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

104 Citations (Scopus)


Influential research on comparative media systems identifies distinctive models according to which certain countries—particularly advanced democracies—share key features in their journalistic cultures. Revisionist literature has not only emphasized the limitations of such models, but also highlighted the hybridization of journalistic cultures elsewhere. This article tests the hybridization thesis, analyzing the presence of six journalistic roles in print news from 19 countries (N = 34,514). Our findings show patterns of multilayered hybridization in the performance of professional roles across and within advanced, transitional, and nondemocratic countries, with journalistic cultures displaying different types of hybridity that do not resemble either existing ideal media system typologies or conventional assumptions about political or regional clusters. The implications of these findings for future studies are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)944-967
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Communication
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Communication
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

User-Defined Keywords

  • Comparative Research
  • Content Analysis
  • Journalistic Cultures
  • Media Systems
  • Role Performance


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