The Evolutionarily Conserved Serine Residues in BRI1 LRR Motifs Are Critical for Protein Secretion

Tianshu Chen, Bin Wang, Fangfang Wang, Guanting Niu, Shuo Zhang, Jianming Li, Zhi Hong*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


As a well-studied leucine-rich-repeat receptor-like kinases (LRR-RLKs) in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana), BRI1 functions as a cell surface receptor for sensing the smallest ligand molecule identified thus far. The weak allele bri1-9 (S662F) harbors a mutation at the conserved serine (Ser*) residue among 25 LRRs, which leads to the protein retention in the ER. However, very little is known about the importance of these residues. Through site-directed mutagenesis and a phenotypic complementation test, we examined the effects of these conserved serine residues (S*-chain) on protein secretion and functions. The results showed that the replacements of these serine residues significantly changed the sub-localization of BRI1-GFPs to the ER and that rigid space constraints, as well as the requirement of successive inner polar contacts, affect these sites. In addition, the continuous presence of Ser* is mainly disrupted at the LRR-island domain interface, and the changes of these four nonserine residues to serine greatly decreased the protein ability to complement bri1-301 compact phenotype and the BR signaling activation. The sequence alignment revealed that other known LRR-RLK also harbors the S*-chain and the non-Ser* residues at the ligand-binding region along the S*-chain, which confirms the evolutionary significance of residues at these sites in plant LRR-RLKs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number32
Number of pages14
JournalFrontiers in Plant Science
Publication statusPublished - 6 Feb 2020

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Plant Science

User-Defined Keywords

  • leucine-rich-repeat receptor-like kinases
  • BRI1
  • evolution
  • Arabidopsis thaliana
  • protein secretion
  • BR signaling


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