The effects of slack resource of R&D professionals on firm performance: evidence from traditional manufacturing firms in an emerging economy

Ying Zhang, Ji LI, Yanghong Hu*, Wenwen Song, Wanxing Jiang, Wanling Ding

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

    7 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    As an important component of organizational human resource slack (HR slack), the slack of research-and-development (R&D) professionals has been studied by several authors. However, it remains unclear whether and how this small component of general HR slack, i.e. the slack of research-and-development professionals (RHR slack), may affect overall firm performance in an emerging economy without much R&D tradition or pro-R&D institutions. Based on two organizational theories, i.e. institutional theory and the resource-based view of the firm (RBV), we propose competing hypotheses on the relationship between RHR slack and firms’ accounting performance. We also examine whether the relationship between RHR slack and firm performance should be linear or curvilinear. Finally, we also test the relationship between RHR slack and other dimensions of firm performance. Several interesting findings have been obtained. For instance, neither the perspective based on institutional theory nor that based on RBV can fully predict all types of RHR slack-performance relationships, be these relationships linear or curvilinear.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1594-1616
    Number of pages23
    JournalInternational Journal of Human Resource Management
    Volume31
    Issue number12
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 3 Jul 2020

    Scopus Subject Areas

    • Strategy and Management
    • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
    • Management of Technology and Innovation

    User-Defined Keywords

    • firm performance
    • human resource
    • R&D professionals
    • slack
    • void of institutions

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