The effects of employee training on the relationship between environmental attitude and firms' performance in sustainable development

Ji LI, Jun Huang, Zhiqiang Liu*, Hong Zhu, Zhenyao Cai

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Should employee training influence firms' performance in sustainable development? Based on research, we predict both direct and moderating effects of employee training on the performance. Assuming the institutional demands in modern societies for environmental protection, we hypothesize that employee training consistent with the demands should have a direct and positive effect on firms' performance in sustainable development. In addition, we also hypothesize that employee training should moderate positively the relationship between a firm's environmental attitude and its performance in sustainable development. Testing our hypotheses among manufacturing firms in both South and North China, we obtain empirical evidence supporting the relationship between a firm's environment attitude and its performance in sustainable development. Moreover, our data show that this relationship can be better understood by taking into account such human resource management practice as employee training. With better employee training, a firm's correct environmental attitude should be more likely to help improve its performance in sustainable development. Moreover, our data also suggest that employee training may also have a positive direct effect on firms' performance in sustainable development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2995-3008
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Human Resource Management
Volume23
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2012

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Strategy and Management
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation

User-Defined Keywords

  • attitude
  • employees
  • firm performance and sustainable development
  • the environment
  • training

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