The effectiveness of dance movement interventions for older adults with mild cognitive impairment, Alzheimer's disease, and dementia: A systematic scoping review and meta-analysis

Dan Tao*, Roger Awan-Scully, Garrett I. Ash, Zhong Pei, Yaodong Gu, Yang Gao, Alistair Cole, Julien S. Baker

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Objectives: To synthesize evidence and summarize research findings related to the effectiveness and feasibility of dance movement intervention (DMI) in older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), Alzheimer's disease (AD), and dementia; to systemically map existing research gaps and research directions for future practice.

    Methods: A systematic search was conducted using six electronic databases: Web of Science, PubMed, PsycINFO, MEDLINE, ScienceDirect, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. The methodological quality of included studies was assessed using the Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool for Randomized Trials (RoB 2) and The Risk of Bias in Non-randomized Studies of Interventions (ROBINS-I).

    Results: 29 dance intervention studies (13 RCT studies) were included in the scoping review: 62% of MCI, 10% of AD, and 28% of dementia; a total of 1708 participants (Female=1247; Male=461) aged from 63.8 ( ± 5.24) to 85.8 ( ± 5.27) years old. Eight RCT studies were included in the meta-analysis; results indicated that dance interventions had a significant effect on global cognition, memory, balance, and significantly decreased depression. No significant effects were found for executive function.

    Conclusions: Dance is a non-pharmacological, effective, affordable, and engaging intervention that can be used as a complementary treatment for older adults with MCI, AD, and dementia.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number102120
    Number of pages15
    JournalAgeing Research Reviews
    Volume92
    Early online date8 Nov 2023
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023

    Scopus Subject Areas

    • Biotechnology
    • Biochemistry
    • Ageing
    • Molecular Biology
    • Neurology

    User-Defined Keywords

    • Alzheimer's disease (AD)
    • Cognitive function
    • Dance movement intervention (DMI)
    • Dementia
    • Mild cognitive impairment (MCI)
    • Quality of life

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