The effect of triptolide in rheumatoid arthritis: From basic research towards clinical translation

Danping Fan, Qingqing Guo, Jiawen Shen, Kang Zheng, Cheng Lu, Ge Zhang, Aiping Lu, Xiaojuan He*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

84 Citations (Scopus)


Triptolide (TP), a major extract of the herb Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F (TWHF), has been shown to exert potent pharmacological effects, especially an immunosuppressive effect in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, its multiorgan toxicity prevents it from being widely used in clinical practice. Recently, several attempts are being performed to reduce TP toxicity. In this review, recent progress in the use of TP for RA, including its pharmacological effects and toxicity, is summarized. Meanwhile, strategies relying on chemical structural modifications, innovative delivery systems, and drug combinations to alleviate the disadvantages of TP are also reviewed. Furthermore, we also discuss the challenges and perspectives in their clinical translation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number376
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Issue number2
Early online date26 Jan 2018
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

User-Defined Keywords

  • Basic research
  • Clinical translation
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Triptolide


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