The Decline of Manchu in Its Contact with Late Qing Chinese—A Case Study of Several Editions of Qingwen Zhiyao

Meilan Zhang, Jin Qi

Research output: Chapter in book/report/conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

This paper is a comparative survey of the vocabulary of the Manchu-Chinese bilingual textbook Qingwen Zhiyao with that of 6 subsequent Chinese editions. It is found that the earlier Chinese translations of Qingwen Zhiyao were heavily influenced by the Manchu language, with a number of characteristically Manchu words being incorporated into the Chinese translations to varying degrees. However, most of these disappeared as the four later Chinese versions were rewritten, such as in The Hundred Lessons included in the 1867 Yu yen tzu erh chi, thus providing an indirect illustration of the decline of Manchu and its gradual replacement by Chinese, with which it was in contact. In the process, we uncover explanations for the source of new uses of some Chinese words and the reason for their short duration. We also reveal the strategies employed by the Chinese lexical system for dealing with heterogeneous Manchu constituents.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLanguages and Genes in Northwestern China and Adjacent Regions
EditorsDan Xu, Hui Li
PublisherSpringer Singapore
Pages141–152
Number of pages12
Edition1st
ISBN (Electronic)9789811041693
ISBN (Print)9789811041686, 9789811350689
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 May 2017

User-Defined Keywords

  • Qing Dynasty
  • Modal Particle
  • Chinese Word
  • Textual Criticism
  • Late Qing Dynasty

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The Decline of Manchu in Its Contact with Late Qing Chinese—A Case Study of Several Editions of Qingwen Zhiyao'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this