The competitiveness and development strategies of provinces in China: a data envelopment analysis approach

Sung Ko LI*, Long Zhao

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    8 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This paper explores the development strategies of Chinese provinces by synthesizing the dimensions of a competitiveness index and the Data Envelopment Analysis model. After documenting the close relationship between real GDP per capita and competitiveness, we introduce a production approach to study competitiveness and develop various possible strategies facing a province. In particular, while coastal provinces should consider innovating new technologies and institutions to improve competitiveness, western provinces may adopt a proportional development strategy that simultaneously enhances every aspect of its competitiveness. Further, the proportional development strategy for competitiveness is found to reduce regional disparity. The policy implications from our framework could not have been achieved had the analysis been solely based on the conventional methods of studying the competitiveness index.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)293-307
    Number of pages15
    JournalJournal of Productivity Analysis
    Volume44
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2015

    Scopus Subject Areas

    • Business and International Management
    • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
    • Economics and Econometrics

    User-Defined Keywords

    • Chinese economy
    • Competitiveness
    • Data envelopment analysis
    • Proportional and disproportional development strategies
    • Regional inequality

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