The aggravated short-term PM2.5-related health risk due to atmospheric transport in the Yangtze River Delta

Peng Wang, Juanyong Shen, Shengqiang Zhu, Meng GAO, Jinlong Ma, Jie Liu, Jingsi Gao, Hongliang Zhang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Severe fine particulate matter (PM2.5) pollution and the associated health risks remain pressing issues in the Yangtze River Delta (YRD), although significant efforts have been made locally, such as the Clean Air Action since 2013. Regional transport is an important contributor to high PM2.5 levels during haze episodes in the YRD, but its impact on human health is rarely analyzed. In this study, we evaluate the short-term PM2.5-related health risks and associated economic losses due to different source regions by estimating daily mortality based on model results in the YRD. The results show that regional transport induces significant health risks in the YRD during haze days, contributing over 60% of daily premature mortality in Shanghai and Nanjing (major cities in the YRD). Moreover, in Hangzhou and Jiaxing, regional transport's contribution can be as high as 70%. The total daily mean economic loss in the YRD is estimated as 526.8 million Chinese Yuan (approximately 81.4 million U.S. dollar) in winter of 2015 and 2016, accounting for 1.4% of the daily averaged gross domestic product (GDP) of the YRD. Emission control (in accordance with the 13th Five-year Energy Conservation and Emission Reduction Plan) is an effective way to reduce health risks in the YRD, reducing premature deaths during haze days by 12–33%. More stringent emission control measures are suggested for further reduce PM2.5-related health risks.

Original languageEnglish
Article number116672
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Volume275
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2021

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

User-Defined Keywords

  • Acute PM exposure
  • Control policy
  • Haze episode
  • Health impact
  • Regional transport

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