The activation of O2 over SmOF was studied by in situ laser Raman spectrometry and temperature programmed desorption (TPD). When the hydrogen- and helium-treated (1 h for each gas at 973 K) SmOF sample was cooled to 303 K in oxygen, Raman bands which correspond to the existence of O22-, O2n- (2 > n > 1), O2- and O2δ- (1 > δ > 0) species were observed. From 303 to 973 K, there was no O2 desorption but the Raman bands observed at 303 K reduced in intensity and vanished completely at 973 K, even though the sample was under an atmosphere of oxygen. We suggest that as the sample temperature increased, dioxygen species were converted to mono-oxygen species such as O- which were undetectable by Raman spectrometry. O2 desorption occurred above 973 K, giving a TPD-peak at 1095 K. When C2H6 was pulsed over the sample pretreated with oxygen and helium at 973 K, C2H4 selectivity was 91.8%. We conclude that the mono-oxygen species is responsible for the oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane to ethene.
Scopus Subject Areas
- Dioxygen species and mono-oxygen species
- Ethane oxidative dehydrogenation
- O activation