Target triggered fluorescence “turn-off” of silicon nanoparticles for cobalt detection and cell imaging with high sensitivity and selectivity

Stanislas Nsanzamahoro, Wei Cheng, Félicité Pacifique Mutuyimana, Ling Li, Weifeng Wang, Cuiling Ren, Tao YI, Hongli Chen*, Xingguo Chen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cobalt ions (Co2+) are among heavy metals ions which cause pollution in environment because of their toxicity and improper degradation. In this work, a new fluorescent approach based on silicon nanoparticles (Si NPs) was designed for Co2+ detection. The fluorescent Si NPs were prepared by mixing 3-aminopropyl trimethoxysilane (APTES) and basic fuchsin, and under the excitation of 400 nm, they emitted green fluorescence at 515 nm. The prepared Si NPs were highly soluble in water, stable to salt and pH, and their fluorescence emission was extremely constant, with the quantum yield of 2.28%. The detailed mechanism studies showed that Co2+ effectively quenched the fluorescence of Si NPs by forming static complex. After optimizing the reaction parameters, a good linear relationship for Co2+ was observed from 0.2 to 60 μM, and the limit of detection was 0.14 μM that is lower than the guideline announced by Department of Environmental Protection for drinking water (1.7 μM). The preparation method of Si NPs was cheap, rapid and simple, and the fluorescent approach was applied to determine Co2+ in Yellow river water, drinking water, and industrial wastewater. Moreover, the Si NPs has good response to exogenous Co2+ in HepG2 cell imaging.

Original languageEnglish
Article number120636
JournalTalanta
Volume210
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2020

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

User-Defined Keywords

  • Cell imaging
  • Co measurement
  • Fluorescence “turn-off”
  • Silicon nanoparticles

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