Systems connectivity between social, cultural and economic factors and housing environments associated with TB transmission in slums

Ka Man LAI, Zimuzo H. Ozuah, Peter Williams, Livia S. Piccinini

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Abstract

Several studies have shown that the risk of tuberculosis (TB) infection in slums is high due to their overcrowded nature and deplorable housing conditions. This paper investigated a wider connectivity between housing environments and social, cultural and economic factors and used a system engineering approach to build a generic model to estimate the TB transmission risk and to facilitate the application of urban planning and engineering to improve the health of slums. Key factors were identified through literature review, while the Wells and Riley equation, which formulates the kinetics of TB transmission, was used to define the engineering parameters. A systems map was developed using a systems engineering tool, STELLA, enhancing visualisation and quantification of the impact these factors have on the housing performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)355-367
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Environmental Planning and Management
Volume55
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2012

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

User-Defined Keywords

  • Cultural and economic factors
  • Housing environments
  • Social
  • Systems engineering
  • TB transmission

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