Synthesis of 2-phenylquinoline-based ambipolar molecules containing multiple 1,3,4-oxadiazole spacer groups

Neng Jun Xiang, Tik H. Lee, Meng Lian Gong, K. L. Tong, Shu Kong SO, Louis M L LEUNG*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


A series of donor-acceptor type ambipolar electroluminescence dyes with the general structure PQ(OXD)nT (where n = 1, 2 and 3) were prepared, in which PQ is 2-phenylquinoline, T is diphenylamine which constituted the hole transporting triphenylamine moiety with an adjacent phenyl ring, and OXD is an electron transporting 2-phenyl-1,3,4-oxadiazole repeating unit. The compounds fluoresced bluish green to green hue in solid-state, exhibited a positive solvatochromism in solution and their quantum efficiency decreased rapidly with increase in n. The materials are thermally stable with glass transition temperature (Tg) ranging from 83 °C (n = 1) to 130 °C (n = 3). Cyclic voltammetry studies indicated the HOMO remained relatively unchanged with n while the LUMO decreased (away from the vacuum level) with an increase in the number of OXD. For single layer homojunction OLEDs, highest efficiency was obtained when n = 1 (max luminous 3300 cd/m2 and current efficiency 0.9 cd/A), whereas for multilayer heterojunction OLEDs, best results was achieved for compounds with n = 1 or 2 assuming the role of the HT layer (over 8200 cd/m2 max and 2.0 cd/A). Formation of exciplexes led to significant red-shift and lower emission efficiency for the compound with n = 3.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)270-275
Number of pages6
JournalSynthetic Metals
Issue number2-4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2006

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

User-Defined Keywords

  • 1,3,4-Oxadiazole
  • 2-Phenylquinoline
  • Ambipolar fluorescence dyes
  • Triphenylamine


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