Synergistic antibacterial effects of nanoparticles encapsulated with Scutellaria baicalensis and pure chlorhexidine on oral bacterial biofilms

Ken C F LEUNG, Chaminda Jayampath Seneviratne, Xuan Li, Ping Chung Leung, Clara Bik San Lau, Chi Hin Wong, Ka Yan Pang, Chun Wai Wong, Elaine Wat, Lijian Jin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Scutellaria baicalensis (SB) is a traditional Chinese medicine for treating infectious and inflammatory diseases. Our recent study shows potent antibacterial effects of nanoparticleencapsulated chlorhexidine (Nano-CHX). Herein, we explored the synergistic effects of the nanoparticle-encapsulated SB (Nano-SB) and Nano-CHX on oral bacterial biofilms. Loading efficiency of Nano-SB was determined by thermogravimetric analysis, and its releasing profile was assessed by high-performance liquid chromatographyusing baicalin (a flavonoid compound of SB) as the marker. The mucosal diffusion assay on Nano-SB was undertaken in a porcine model. The antibacterial effects of the mixed nanoparticles (Nano-MIX) of Nano-SB and Nano-CHX at 9:1 (w/w) ratio were analyzed in both planktonic and biofilm modes of representative oral bacteria. The Nano-MIX was effective on the mono-species biofilms of Streptococcus (S.) mutans, S. sobrinus, Fusobacterium (F.) nucleatum, and Aggregatibacter (A.) actinomycetemcomitans (MIC 50 μg/mL) at 24 h, and exhibited an enhanced effect against the multi-species biofilms such as S. mutans, F. nucleatum, A. actinomycetemcomitans, and Porphyromonas (P.) gingivalis (MIC 12.5 μg/mL) at 24 h that was supported by the findings of both scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and confocal scanning laser microscopy (CLSM). This study shows enhanced synergistic antibacterial effects of the Nano-MIX on common oral bacterial biofilms, which could be potentially developed as a novel antimicrobial agent for clinical oral/periodontal care.

Original languageEnglish
Article number61
JournalNanomaterials
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Apr 2016

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

User-Defined Keywords

  • Antimicrobials
  • Chlorhexidine
  • Nanotechnology
  • Oral biofilms
  • Scutellaria baicalensis
  • Traditional Chinese medicine

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