Synchronization in complex networks

Alex Arenas, Albert Díaz-Guilera, Jurgen Kurths, Yamir Moreno*, Changsong ZHOU

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2166 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Synchronization processes in populations of locally interacting elements are the focus of intense research in physical, biological, chemical, technological and social systems. The many efforts devoted to understanding synchronization phenomena in natural systems now take advantage of the recent theory of complex networks. In this review, we report the advances in the comprehension of synchronization phenomena when oscillating elements are constrained to interact in a complex network topology. We also take an overview of the new emergent features coming out from the interplay between the structure and the function of the underlying patterns of connections. Extensive numerical work as well as analytical approaches to the problem are presented. Finally, we review several applications of synchronization in complex networks to different disciplines: biological systems and neuroscience, engineering and computer science, and economy and social sciences.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-153
Number of pages61
JournalPhysics Reports
Volume469
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2008

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

User-Defined Keywords

  • Complex networks
  • Synchronization

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