Despite their multifaceted advantages, inverted perovskite solar cells (PSCs) still suffer from lower power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) than their regular counterparts, which is largely due to recombination energy losses (Eloss) that arise from the chemical, physical, and energy level mismatches, especially at the interfaces between perovskites and fullerene electron transport layers (ETLs). To address this problem, we herein introduce an aminium iodide derivative of a buckybowl (aminocorannulene) that is molecularly layered at the perovskite-ETL interface. Strikingly, besides passivating the PbI2-rich perovskite surface, the aminocorannulene enforces a vertical dipole and enhances the surface n-type character that is more compatible with the ETL, thus boosting the electron extraction and transport dynamics and suppressing interfacial Eloss. As a result, the champion PSC achieves an excellent PCE of over 22%, which is superior compared to that of the control device (∼20%). Furthermore, the device stability is significantly enhanced, owing to a lock-and-key-like grip on the mobile iodides by the buckybowls and the resultant increase of the interfacial ion-migration barrier. This work highlights the potential of buckybowls for the multifunctional surface engineering of perovskite toward high-performance and stable PSCs.
Scopus Subject Areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry