Featured with a zero-autofluorescence background, superior signal-to-noise ratio, high sensitivity, and deep penetration ability, near-infrared persistent luminescence nanoparticle (NIR-PLNP)-based multimodal nanoprobes show great potential for full-scale noninvasive cancer diagnosis. However, direct synthesis of NIR-PLNP-based multimodal nanoprobes with high drug loading capacity to meet growing cancer theranostic demands remains a challenge. In this work, multifunctional hybrid mesoporous nanoparticles (HMNPs) that integrate NIR-PLNPs (Ga2O3:Cr3+, Nd3+), magnetic nanoparticles (Gd2O3), and radionuclides (68Ga) are designed and constructed via a large-pore (mesoporous silica nanoparticle) MSN-templated strategy. The ingenious composition design endows HMNPs with rechargeable NIR-PL, superior longitudinal relaxivity, and excellent radioactivity, making these versatile nanoparticles available for long-term in vivo NIR-PL imaging, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and positron emission tomography (PET) imaging. More importantly, the application of large-pore MSN templates maintains the mesoporous structure of HMNPs, promising excellent drug loading capacity of these nanoparticles. As a proof-of-concept, HMNPs loaded with a high dose of DOX (chemotherapy agent) and Si-Pc (photosensitizer) are rationally designed for chemotherapy and NIR-PL-sensitized photodynamic therapy (PDT), respectively. Studies with mice tumor models demonstrate that the DOX/Si-Pc-loaded HMNPs possess excellent cancer cell killing ability and an outstanding tumor suppression effect without systemic toxicity. This work shows the great potential of HMNPs as an "all-in-one" nanotheranostic tool for multimodal NIR-PL/MR/PET imaging-guided chemotherapy and NIR-PL-sensitized photodynamic cancer therapy and provides an innovative paradigm for the development of NIR-PLNP-based nanoplatforms in cancer theranostic.
Scopus Subject Areas
- Materials Science(all)
- drug loading
- hybrid mesoporous nanoparticles
- near-infrared persistent luminescence
- photodynamic therapy
- tumor multimodal imaging