This study explores the centrality of information technology (IT) to Chinese students' experiences in music lessons. Students involved in this qualitative and quantitative study described the possibilities of using technology when learning music. From among the students of 15 Shanghai secondary schools, 1741 responded to a written questionnaire and 68 took part in interviews. The students' perceptions of the use of IT were grouped in relation to three categories: (1) the students' motivation to learn music, (2) their preferred musical activities and (3) the musical styles preferred for classroom learning. Most students believed that IT could provide motivation for music learning. They used IT mainly in their listening activities but believed that it could also be helpful in learning both classical and popular musical styles. The findings suggest that the use of IT could extend the boundaries of music learning in the classroom, giving rise to a multitude of new and exciting possibilities. This approach to curriculum formulation is argued to be significant in terms of developing students' technological literacy and providing rich learning environments that make use of computer-mediated communications and the effectiveness of technology and teacher fidelity in implementing pedagogy.
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